Interfacial waves in the two-layer rotating annulus
Two immiscible layers represent the stratified mid-latitude atmosphere, and internal interfacial waves develop and interact nonlinearly. A wide range of wave behaviours are observed: for example, the left-hand image shows two packets of spontaneously emitted inertia-gravity waves in the troughs of a large-scale baroclinic wave, while the right-hand image shows a rotationally modified Kelvin-Helmholtz wave generated from shear instability at sub-critical Richardson number. An optically active liquid generates different colours according to interface height.
Shock-waves over a flexible surface in a supersonic wind tunnel
Michela Gramola (Imperial College, London)
'The images show the evolution of the structure of a shock-wave formed on a flexible aluminium plate as the supersonic flow interacts with the changing geometry of the deforming surface. Each pop art-inspired image is a composite of eight individual frames acquired using Schlieren photography in a supersonic wind tunnel.'
‘Halo’ vortex ring lifts dandelion seeds
Cathal Cummins, Madeleine Seale, Enrico Mastropaolo, Naomi Nakayama & Ignazio Maria Viola (University of Edinburgh)
(Left) A dandelion seed in a wind tunnel, with added clouds for effect. (Right) The same dandelion with the flow around it visualised using a laser sheet, showing the formation of a drag-enhancing vortex unlike any other observed before in nature, which we term a 'halo' vortex.
Elastic deformation revealed by colours
Jian Guan (University of Oxford)
Fingering patterns form when air is injected into dyed glycerol in a Hele-Shaw cell with a soft upper boundary. As a result, the soft layer deforms. The change in the colour intensity of the dyed fluid reveals both global and local deformations of the soft layer.
Droplet splashing on super-hydrophobic substrate (experiment or simulation?)
A numerical simulation of droplet splashing on a super-hydrophobic substrate. The numerical method is based on CLSVOF, VSIAM3, CIP-CSL scheme, density-scaled balanced CSF model.
Bead formation on a viscoelastic drop’s tail
Haonan Xu (University of Liverpool)
Formation of a “beads on the tail” of a viscoelastic droplet as it moves on an inclined superhydrophobic surface. The interaction of the surface features and the viscoelasticity of the drop results in a significant slowing of the drop – in comparison with an equivalent-viscosity Newtonian drop – and an instability on this fluid tail gives rise to the bead-like structure.
Liquid crystal seagull
Nikita Solodkov (University of Leeds)
‘"We should show life neither as it is, nor as it should be, but as we see it in our dreams" (The Seagull, by Anton Chekhov). Liquid crystal droplets in water, (accidentally) forming a pattern resembling a seagull's landing, viewed through a cross-polarising microscope.’
Storm in a glass
Jason Stafford (Imperial College, London)
A column is formed in a rotating glass of water as fluorescent green dye is introduced. At low Rossby number, the Coriolis force dominates, controlling the dye motion. This unfiltered UV-illuminated image shows spiral filaments, mirroring the structure of a large-scale natural storm, also governed by the same invisible force.
Simulated sperm swimming in synchrony
Simon Schöller (Imperial College, London)
A computer-generated image of model sperm cells suspended in a Stokesian fluid, including the fluid velocity field. All sperm cells swim in the same plane and interact hydrodynamically, leading to visible cluster formation and locally enhanced flows.
Elijah Nazarzadeh (University of Glasgow)
'This video shows the transfer of mechanical energy and radiative pressure from Surface Acoustic Waves (SAWs) traveling along a solid surface into a droplet of water, dropped in the propagation path of SAWs, at 100k fps acquisition (slowed down 500 and 1500 times). The behaviour resembles an eruption and is used in medicine nebulisers.'
Featured SIG: Low-energy ventilation
Leader: Cath Noakes (Leeds) Co-leader: Henry Burridge (Imperial College, London)
We are a group of academics and industrialists who develop ventilation strategies that provide higher air quality with lower energy in modern buildings. We meet throughout the UK to discuss current research, industrial practice, and future projects. For more details about our group, meetings and repository on ventilation research, go to http://www.lowenergyventilation.org.
(Accidental) double-diffusive instability
Megan Davies Wykes (University of Cambridge)
‘Heat from lamps above the experiment is absorbed by dyed, salty fluid, heating it up and making it less dense. This warm fluid rises, but the heat diffuses away, leaving dense, salty fluid in narrow vertical plumes.’
Spatio-temporal feathering in elastic channels
Callum Cuttle (University of Manchester)
‘Composite binary images showing the spatio-temporal patterns formed when air displaces oil in a Hele-Shaw channel with an elastic upper boundary. By manipulating the initial level of collapse of the upper boundary, as well as the flow rate, we may observe a range of patterns, some reminiscent of feathers.’
The effect of stratification on Kelvin-Helmholtz instability
Chris Howland (University of Cambridge)
This image is a composite of five vorticity time series from simulations of stratified shear layers with increasing stratification. Each pixel column corresponds to a single time step from each simulation.
Maxime Inizan, Finn Box, Alfonso Castrejon-Pita & Dominic Vella (University of Oxford)
‘When a solid sphere hits an elastic sheet floating on the surface of water, wrinkles form and a capillary-like ripple propagates. The ripple propagates and the wrinkles grow with time — all due to an interplay between the elasticity of the sheet and the inertia of the fluid.’
Petal-like fluid-driven fracture patterns
Niall O’Keeffe (University of Cambridge)
‘A fluid-driven fracture propagates radially in a transparent hydrogel. The fracture surface, post experiment, consists of beautiful fractal patterns called step-lines. These are small changes in height along the surface of the gel, which follow a logarithmic spiral shape.’
The hydrodynamics of plesiosaurs
Luke Muscutt (University of Southampton)
‘A combination of data from simulations and experiments on tandem flapping flippers.’
Jetting of droplet induced by ZnO-Si surface acoustic waves
Richard Fu (Northumbria University)
'This is a high speed video showing jetting behaviour of a 20μL water droplet induced by ZnO surface acoustic waves (from left side). The jetting is induced by sub-nanometre amplitudes of surface acoustic waves interacting with water droplet, causing the droplet jetting along Rayleigh angle. However, due to a combination of acoustic pressure, internal flow, gravity force, surface tension and capillary, the droplet has been deformed significantly before fully jetted from substrates. '
Forces in a photoelastic avalanche
Amalia Thomas (University of Cambridge)
‘Photoelastic discs are rolled down a narrow, inclined chute. The forces exerted when discs interact can be inferred from the intensity of the light they transmit. This information can be used to investigate how stresses are distributed within avalanches.’
Demonstration of Flowave
Clive Greated (University of Edinburgh)
‘Demonstration of the capabilities of Flowave. The principles of three-dimensional wave generation on which it is based were researched back in the early 80's by Bryden and Greated (J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 17, 1984).’
Lian Gan (Durham University)
This raw video shows wake pattern behind an oscillating cylinder. The forcing amplitude keeps constant; the frequency linearly ramps down. It is part of a systematic study where ramping up and down at various rates. Compared to the fixed frequency cases, ramping results in wake mode transition, skipping and hysteresis.
ERCOFTAC course 'Best Practice Guidelines for CFD of turbulent combustion'
11-12 December 2018, Imperial College, London
Course includes hydrogen combustion, emission modeling, spray atomization modeling and machine learning tools. Details on this course, including the programme, are available at https://tinyurl.com/bpg-cfd-combn
British Society of Rheology (BSR) Mid-Winter Meeting 2018
17-18 December 2018, Edinburgh
Theme is 'Multidisciplinary Approaches to Complex Flows of Complex Fluids'. Takes place at the International Centre for Mathematical Sciences (ICMS). ***Early Bird rate ends 15 October*** More details at https://tinyurl.com/bsr-mid-winter-2018
Environmental fluid dynamics: confronting grand challenges
DLES12: ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation 12
5-7 June 2019, Madrid, Spain
The goal of the workshop is to establish a state-of-the-art of DNS, LES and related techniques for the computation and modelling of turbulent and transitional flows. There is a broad range of featured topics - full details at https://tinyurl.com/ercoftac-dles12 Submit your abstracts by 1st December 2018